Anneke Bosman Diary
The Anneke Bosman Diary was kept while Anneke was interned in Tjihapit and various other camps. Hers is virtually the only diary that survived internment from Tjihapit . Being at the time a sixteen year old girl, she escaped the rigorous inspection carried out on numerous occasions by Japanese soldiers looking for proscribed literature. Her diary thus became an invaluable source of information describing who was in charge , and what some of the significant events were that affected out life in Tjihapit, as well as two other camps in middle Java (Solo & Lampersari). It is therefore an invaluable source of information.
The diary also mentions many individuals whom Anneke met during those years. A list of names, sorted alphabetically is presented in the attached document:– bosman-name-list.
The following table summarizes the major subdivisions of the diary in terms of dates covered, the number of pages devoted to that period and the number of names that are listed.
Anneke Bosman’s Diary
|Phase of Life||Number|
|8 Dec 1941 -20 July 1943||Bandung after Pearl Harbor||28||116|
|20 July 1943 – 13 Nov 1944||Tjihapit Internee||60||92|
|14 Nov 1944 – 3 June 1945||Solo internee||22||51|
|3 June 1945 – 2 Nov 1945||Lampersari internee||12||21|
|2 Nov 1945 – 30 May 1946||Refugee||27||74|
The name list prepared is somewhat rudimentary and could be improved by providing page and date references.
Dr Bosman had before the war served as a mission doctor elsewhere in Indonesia before settling in Bandung shortly before the war. Anneke was born in 1926 in Purwakarta, Java. The entire Bosman family (two girls four boys) survived and the value of the school girl’s diary was finally recognized by family members and printed in or shortly before 2003.
Comments by the Author of Tjideng Reunion
The Information in the diary was invaluable in establishing a chronology of events in Tjihapit that allowed me, author of Tjideng Reunion, to relate the life in the camp with its escalating hardships to events elsewhere in the Pacific theater of war. Chapters 6 and 7 benefited from this information. The information also assisted the author in piecing together the personal histories of other individuals, who happened to share part of this chaotic history. Among them is “Casey” ( Kees) Harm whose story was published by Boudewyn van Oort in the Dutch Canadian Monthly, de Krant. His story clearly overlapped that of Anneke’s when they were in Solo Camp and his family therefore probably traveled with her family from Tjihapit to Solo on 13 November 1944.