Anneke Bosman Diary (Tjihapit, Solo)

BosmandiaryAnneke Bosman Diary

The Anneke Bosman Diary was kept while Anneke was interned in Tjihapit and various other camps. Hers is virtually the only diary  that survived internment  from Tjihapit . Being at the time a sixteen year old girl, she escaped the rigorous inspection carried out on numerous occasions by Japanese soldiers looking for proscribed literature. Her diary thus became an invaluable source of information describing who was in charge , and what some of the significant events were that affected out life in Tjihapit, as well as two other camps in middle Java (Solo & Lampersari). It is therefore an invaluable source of information.

The diary also mentions many individuals whom Anneke  met during those years. A list of names, sorted alphabetically is presented in the attached document:–  bosman-name-list.

The following table summarizes the major subdivisions of the diary in terms of dates covered, the number of pages devoted to that period and the number of names that are listed.

Anneke Bosman’s Diary



Dates Covered

Phase of Life Number
Pages Names
8 Dec 1941 -20 July 1943 Bandung after Pearl Harbor 28 116
20 July 1943 – 13 Nov 1944 Tjihapit Internee 60 92
14 Nov 1944 – 3 June 1945 Solo internee 22 51
3 June 1945 – 2 Nov 1945 Lampersari internee 12 21
2 Nov 1945 – 30 May 1946 Refugee 27 74

The name list prepared is somewhat rudimentary and could be improved by providing page and date referenAnneke Bosmances.

Dr Bosman had before the war  served as a mission doctor elsewhere in Indonesia before settling in Bandung shortly before the war. Anneke was born in 1926 in Purwakarta, Java. The entire Bosman family (two girls four boys) survived and the value of the school girl’s diary was finally recognized by family members and printed in or shortly before 2003.

Comments by the Author of Tjideng Reunion

The Information in the diary was invaluable in establishing a chronology of events in Tjihapit that allowed me, author of Tjideng Reunion, to relate the life in the camp with its escalating hardships to events elsewhere in the Pacific theater of war. Chapters 6 and 7 benefited from this information. The information also  assisted the author in piecing together the personal histories of other individuals, who happened to share part of this chaotic history. Among them is “Casey” ( Kees) Harm whose story was published by Boudewyn van Oort in the Dutch Canadian Monthly, de Krant. His story clearly overlapped that of Anneke’s  when they were in  Solo Camp and his family therefore probably traveled with her family from Tjihapit to Solo on 13 November 1944.

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